Implementation & Policy Issues

We provide a link to the full text of a reference where it is freely available online, and to the abstract of the reference where it is not.  For articles where no full text is provided, you may wish to contact your institution's library for assistance in obtaining a copy.

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★Conway LJ, Pogorzelska M, Larson E, Stone PW. Adoption of policies to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infections in United States intensive care units. Am J Infect Control 2012; 40, 705-10.  Abstract

Fakih MG, Greene MT, Kennedy EH, Meddings JA, Krein SL, Olmsted RN, Saint S. Introducing a population-based outcome measure to evaluate the effect of interventions to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infection. Am J Infect Control 2012;40(4):359-64.  Abstract

Fakih MG, Rey JE, Pena ME, Szpunar S, Saravolatz LD. Sustained reductions in urinary catheter use over 5 years: Bedside nurses view themselves responsible for evaluation of catheter necessity. Am J Infect Control. 2013;41(3):236-9.  Abstract

Kotter J. Leading change: why transformation efforts fail. Harv Bus Rev 1995:59-67.  Excerpt and link to purchase full text

★Krein SL, Kowalski CP, Hofer TP, Saint S. Preventing hospital-acquired infections: A national survey of practices reported by U.S. hospitals in 2005 and 2009. J Gen Intern Med 2011;27(7):773-9. Abstract

McNair PD, Luft HS, Bindman AB. Medicare's policy not to pay for treating hospital-acquired conditions: the impact. Health Aff (Millwood) 2009;28:1485-93.  Abstract

★Meddings JA, Reichert H, Rogers MA, Saint S, Stephansky J, McMahon LF. Effect of nonpayment for hospital-acquired, catheter-associated urinary tract infection: a statewide analysis. Ann Intern Med 2012;157(5):305-12. PubMed PMID: 22944872.  Abstract

  • ★ Accompanying editorial: Rosof B. The importance of accurate data in quality-of-care measurement. Ann Intern Med 2012;157(5):379-80. PubMed PMID: 22944876. Pubmed record

Meddings J, Saint S, McMahon LF, Jr. Hospital-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infection: documentation and coding issues may reduce financial impact of Medicare's new payment policy. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31:627-33.  Abstract

Pronovost PJ, Goeschel CA, Wachter RM. The wisdom and justice of not paying for "preventable complications". JAMA 2008;299:2197-9.  PubMed record (no abstract)

★Saint S, Krein SL, Manojlovich M, Kowalski CP, Zawol D, Shojania KG. Introducing the patient safety professional: why, what, who, how, and where? J Patient Saf 2011;7(4):175-80.  Abstract

Saint S, Kowalski CP, Banaszak-Holl J, Forman J, Damschroder L, Krein SL. The importance of leadership in preventing healthcare -associated infection: results of a multisite qualitative study. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2010;31:901-7.  Abstract

Saint S, Kowalski CP, Banaszak-Holl J, Forman J, Damschroder L, Krein SL. How active resisters and organizational constipators affect health care-acquired infection prevention efforts. Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2009;35:239-46.  Abstract

Saint S, Meddings JA, Calfee DP, Kowalski CP, Krein SL. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection and the Medicare rules changes. Ann Intern Med 2009;150:877-85.  Full text

Saint S, Kowalski CP, Forman J, et al. A multicenter qualitative study on preventing hospital-acquired urinary tract infection in US hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:333-41.  Abstract

Saint S, Kowalski CP, Kaufman SR, et al. Preventing hospital-acquired urinary tract infection in the United States: a national study. Clin Infect Dis 2008;46:243-50.  Full text

Straube B, Blum JD. The policy on paying for treating hospital-acquired conditions: CMS officials respond. Health Aff (Millwood) 2009;28:1494-7.  Abstract

Wald HL, Kramer AM. Nonpayment for harms resulting from medical care: catheter-associated urinary tract infections. JAMA 2007;298:2782-4.  PubMed record (no abstract)

Zhan C, Elixhauser A, Richards CL, Jr., et al. Identification of hospital-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infections from Medicare claims: sensitivity and positive predictive value. Med Care 2009;47:364-9.  Abstract